Best Linux Distribution and Desktop Environment

Linux Distribution – Kernel

Arch Linux – most customizable distro
https://www.archlinux.org

Ubuntu – Popular and user friendly alternative to Microsoft Windows
https://www.ubuntu.com

Lubuntu – more user friendly than Arch, Ubuntu base
http://lubuntu.net

Mint – modern, elegant, user friendly, based on Debian and Ubuntu
https://www.linuxmint.com

Ubuntu MATE – for laptop
https://ubuntu-mate.org

Kubuntu – open-source alternative to Windows and Mac OS
http://kubuntu.org

Steam OS – for gaming oriented distro
http://store.steampowered.com/livingroom/SteamOS

Tails – for privacy oriented distro
https://tails.boum.org

Sugar – Fedora-based Linux distro aimed at educators and kids
http://sugarlabs.org

Damn Small Linux – old but 50mb size only
http://damnsmalllinux.org

Audio and Video Production
Ubuntu Studio
https://ubuntustudio.org/tour

KXStudio – extremely lightweight stripped down version of KDE, keep the resources free for your production work
http://kxstudio.sourceforge.net

AVLinux – extremely lightweight LXDE, keep the resources free for your production work
http://www.bandshed.net/AVLinux.html

Entreprise
CentOS
https://www.centos.org

Red Hat
http://www.redhat.com/en

SUSE Linux
https://www.suse.com

Debian – for running your own server
https://www.debian.org


Linux Desktop Environment – GUI (Graphical User Interface), graphical shell

Xfce – modern, open source, lightweight and easy-to-use, fast, user friendly, low system resources utilization
http://www.xfce.org

MATE – for lower spec PCs, extension of GNOME 2
http://mate-desktop.com

GNOME 3 – most popular, free and open source
https://www.gnome.org/gnome-3

KDE Plasma 5 – highly customizable
https://www.kde.org/announcements/plasma5.0

Cinnamon – user interface based on GNOME
http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com

Unity – Graphical desktop shell for GNOME
https://unity.ubuntu.com

LXDE – for old hardware
http://lxde.org

LXQT – for cloud servers and old machines, free, open source, lightweight, simple and fast desktop, remarkably low system resources usage CPU and RAM consumption
http://lxqt.org

Pantheon – simple and well-designed desktop environment for Elementary OS, a Windows & MacOS like Linux distribution
http://elementary.io

Deepin – simple, elegant and productive
http://www.deepin.org

Enlightenment
https://www.enlightenment.org

CDE Common Desktop Environment
http://sourceforge.net/projects/cdesktopenv